Spelling is far more than a child being able to memorise and recall the letters within a word. For a child to be a confident, successful speller they need to develop an understanding of spelling rules. Decoding challenging words and identifying words that include ‘spelling rule exceptions’ also form part of teaching children how to spell.
Your child might be struggling with spelling if they are challenged by reading or they are spelling words as they sound (phonetically) rather than using spelling rules.
At Sprout Tutoring Geelong we understand that assisting children with spelling with allow them to become more competent readers and writers.
There are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration when determining how successful a child will be at spelling:
Phonological awareness For a child to be able to make an attempt to spell a word, they must first be able to hear individual sounds in words. Being able to hear the syllables (i.e. beats) of a word will help a child spell longer words with more than one syllable. Rhyming helps a child to recognise word families (e.g. cat, hat, bat all have an ‘at’ sound in them) which will make spelling a faster process for them.
Articulation: It is important that a child is able to say a word correctly before they make an attempt to spell it. If a child cannot articulate all or any of the sounds within a word, they may end up writing the word the way in which they say it e.g. if a child says a ‘w’ instead of an ‘r’ they might write ‘ring’ as ‘wing’. Alternatively, they might omit letters from words as they are not articulating each sound correctly.
Recognition and fast recall of ‘sight words’ :There are some words that will appear in a child’s vocabulary that are virtually impossible for a child to sound – for example ‘where’. Children can learn to quickly recognise these words by sight, and use their visual reference and recall of the word to write it.
Ways to Boost Spelling at Home!
Flashcards: Make flashcards with letters and pictures that are age and stage appropriate. You can include cards with blends and digraphs. Allow your child to practise saying the sounds associated with the letters. They can then suggest other words that begin with/include the same sound.
‘I Spy’: Play ‘I Spy’ to practice recognising words that start with a particular sound.
Clap out the syllables of longer words to help a child to hear the individual sounds in shorter, manageable chunks.
Spell words with magnetic letters so that a child does not have to focus on both spelling and letter formation.
To speak to our director about having your child best supported in improving their spelling contact us today www.sprouttutoring.com.au